Date of Award
Doctor of Occupational Therapy
M. Abbey Glenn OTD, OTR/L, CBIS
Tania Shearon, DHSc, OTR/L, CHT, C-IAYT
Background: Prior research has identified occupational therapy as a profession poised to provide interventions to enhance the recovery of intimate partner violence victims. The present study aimed to implement a program to affect the generalized self-efficacy beliefs of intimate partner violence victims residing in Autumn House Emergency Crisis Shelter.
Methodology: The Generalized Self-Efficacy Scale was administered before and after a total of seven individual/group sessions to a sample of adults residing at the shelter over the course of the occupational therapy program. Statistical analysis was performed utilizing a one-sample Kolmogorov-Smirnov test and paired T-test Cronbach’s alpha to establish whether the distribution of data was normalized and whether the results of the Generalized Self-Efficacy Scale were significant to indicate a change in self-efficacy beliefs from pre- to post-session.
Results: A sample of 13 adults participated in the program who completed the assessment before and after a program session. Overall one-sample Kolmogorov-Smirnov test for the Generalized Self-Efficacy Scale was .200, which suggested that the data’s distribution was not significantly non-normal. The Generalized Self-Efficacy Scale had a two-sided p-value of 004, which suggested that the change in assessment scores was statistically significant.
Conclusion: Overall, evidence suggested that the occupational therapy program provided sessions that positively and significantly affected the self-efficacy beliefs of participants from pre- to post-session. Further research should investigate whether this program or similarly developed programs influence the same positive outcomes reliably among participants of varying demographics such as gender, age, race, gender identity, and sexual orientation.
Keywords: intimate partner violence, occupational therapy, self-efficacy beliefs, occupational therapy program, Generalized Self-Efficacy Scale
Moes, Sierra, "Effects of an Occupation-Based Social and Life Skills Session on the Strength of Intimate Partner Violence Victims’ Generalized Self-Efficacy Beliefs" (2023). OT Student Capstones. 67.